USDA'S Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at posts overseas collect and submit information on the agricultural situation in more than 130 countries to USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which maintains the GAIN reports.
Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) data in GAIN reports are NOT official USDA data, but represent estimates made by FAS Attachés. Official USDA PSD data are determined after analyzing all overseas reports and drawing on additional sources, including more than 1,500 documents received from private and public sources around the world, global weather information, and satellite imagery analysis. After this analysis, official USDA data are released in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates monthly report and in FAS' World Production, Market, and Trade reports.
This report lists major export certificates required by the Chinese government for imports of food and agricultural products. This year’s major changes include the implementation of China’s 2015 Food Safety Law, and slight revisions to the Catalogue of Products under Decree 145. In addition, beginning January 12, 2015, China banned the importation of all poultry and pet birds from the entire United States. Changes regarding certificate requirements remain minimal.
This report is meant to provide practical tips to U.S. companies on how to conduct business in China, including local business practices and a general review of consumer preferences, food standards and regulations, and import and inspection procedures as well as best prospects, with a focus on high-value, consumer-oriented goods.
During 2015, on the backdrop of continuous food scandals and rising consumer concerns, Chinese food regulators continued the onerous task of regaining consumer’s trust by revamping China’s Food Safety Regime. Over the past two years, China has reviewed and issued thousands of new food safety and hygiene standards. Most notably, China’s 2015 Food Safety Law came into effect on October 1. In addition to specific implementing rules, a series of regulations, rules, and measures will be issued to carry out the provisions of the Law. This report attempts to capture the key Chinese food standards and provisions that relate to imported products destined for the Chinese market and notes changes or modifications to existing standards. However, given China’s current dynamic food regulatory environment, it is highly recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of imported requirements with their foreign customers prior to shipping goods to this market.
On December 9, 2015, China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) released the “Draft Implementing Rules for the 2015 Food Safety Law” for public comment. Interested parties can submit their comments via mail or email directly to CFDA before January 9, 2016. This report provides an unofficial translation of the Draft Implementing Rules and ways to submit comments.
This annual report reviews the development of China’s food industry in 2013 and 2014 and examines the trends of the food processing industry, as well as prospects of some U.S. ingredients during this period. Although investment, retail sales and industrial output showed signs of decelerating, China’s food industry sales values continued to grow steadily, and the food industry estimates its 2014 revenues amounted to RMB 12 trillion (nearly US$2 trillion). Given the huge demand for enough food to feed a population of 1.3 billion, coupled with increasing demand for quicker, safer and healthier food, China’s food industry is likely to see continued growth in the future. Many food manufacturers have launched new strategies, including employing high quality ingredients, introducing new technologies, and diversifying product lines. It is expected that this trend of introducing newer technologies, better food ingredients and more creative food innovations will improve the long-term prospects for China’s food industry. Propelled by increasing incomes, health and nutrition awareness, Chinese consumers are paying more attention to what they eat. On the regulatory front, we have recently seen lower tariffs for some ingredients. For example, pecans and some other tree nuts will enjoy lower tariffs as of 2015, and that will help the U.S. export of these ingredients gain steadily.
On April 25, 2015 China announced it new Food Safety Law. This is the final rule and will be implemented on October 1, 2015. This report provides an unofficial translation of the Law. U.S. exporters seeking clarification on specific items please direct your questions to email@example.com with a copy to Roseanne.firstname.lastname@example.org..
China’s economy slowdown has shown its negative impact on the expansion of food service industry. Food safety scandals continued to be exposed, in return, the scared consumers reduced their dining-out frequency. In addition, the government policy of reducing public funds on lavish expenditures deeply impacted high-end hotels and restaurants. The industry had adopted various strategies to overcome the difficulties. While first-tier cities remain the strongest centers of consumption and spending in the Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Sector, the industry will continue to grow substantially in Emerging City Markets.
China has one of the most lucrative, dynamic, and rapidly growing retail markets in the world, which continues to grow at a double-digit pace despite a GDP expected to grow just over 7% in 2015 and per capita urban household disposable incomes which grew only 9% in 2013. China’s retail growth is underpinned by not only rises to urban household incomes but also by the growing number of urban households themselves. That said, where and how Chinese shop is undergoing a significant transition.